2016年9月6日 星期二

奈米碳管正式應用於半導體產業:奈米碳管存儲器(NRAM)技術將2018量產 ( CNT nano tech. will used in semiconductor : CNT memory NRAM will go into production in 2018 )

富士通與Nantero達成協議 2018年推出快1000倍的NRAM內存

富士通半導體和三重富士通半導體上週共同宣布,他們已與總部位於美國的Nantero公司達成協議,授權該公司的奈米碳管存儲器(NRAM)技術,三方公司未來將致力於NRAM存儲器的開發與生產。

據了解,藉由NRAM技術所生產的存儲器速度將是當前普通存儲器的1,000倍。預計,藉由三方面的合作,將在2018年推出藉由55奈米製程所生產的NRAM存儲器。

在納米技術研究領域,奈米碳管(CNT)是一種很獨特的材料,直徑只有人類頭髮的五萬分之一,能導熱導電,硬度是鋼鐵的50倍。在儲存領域,奈米碳管通過矽基沉底也能達到0與1變化。

因此,也可以用來當做儲存芯片使用,而且因為其特性為非揮發性,所以就算斷電也不會清除儲存在上面的信息。

而由於奈米碳管有著特別的特性,因此相較於當前的普通存儲器,NRAM芯片的具有非常強大的優勢。除了讀寫速度是普通閃存的1,000倍(Nanteo官網上表示是1,000倍)之外,同時可提供功耗更低,更具可靠性與耐用性的存儲器,而且生產成本更低。

富士通半導體系統存儲器副總裁松宮正人表示,藉由Nantero公司的奈米碳管技術而生產的非揮發性儲存內存是業界的一個超越了傳統技術的顯著進步。而富士通半導體自90年代以來,一直是在設計和生產非揮發性存儲器FRAM(鐵電隨機存取內存)的少數廠商之一。因此,富士通半導體具有整合FRAM設計和生產的能力。如今再與Nantero公司達成協議之後,未來將就由過去設計與生產FRAM的能力,用於開發NRAM存儲器,以滿足市場的需求。

Nantero董事長兼執行長Greg Schmergel指出,Nantero已經在奈米碳管的內存儲存技術上研究了十多年,具備生產NRAM存儲器的先進技術。而本次與富士通半導體與三重富士通半導體兩家公司的合作,由於兩家公司都是全球生產儲存設備中最成功的企業之一。藉由其在研發與生產FRAM的經驗,未來可以在NRAM存儲器的合作上產生更大的效益,建立更緊密的關係。

不過,對於此合作案,有業界人士指出,Nantero公司自從2006年就說要開始生產奈米碳管存儲器了。但是,到現在一直沒什麼特別的進展。未來,即便是跟富士通半導體達成了合做協議,量產的NRAM芯片容量還是不夠大,只適合一些嵌入式設備使用。

所以,未來是不是能夠改變整個存儲器的生態,還有待進一步的觀察。

Fujitsu Semiconductor and Mie Fujitsu Semiconductor License Nantero's NRAM And Have Begun Developing Breakthrough Memory Products for Multiple Markets

  Fujitsu Semiconductor Limited and Mie Fujitsu Semiconductor Limited today announced that they have reached an agreement with US-based Nantero, Inc. to license that company's technology for NRAM, non-volatile RAM using carbon nanotubes, and to conduct joint development towards releasing a product based on 55-nm process technology. Three companies are aiming to develop a product using NRAM non-volatile RAM that achieves several 1000 times faster rewrites and many thousands of times more rewrite cycles than embedded flash memory, making it potentially capable of replacing DRAM with non-volatile memory. Fujitsu Semiconductor plans to develop an NRAM-embedded custom LSI product by the end of 2018, with the goal of expanding the product line-up into stand-alone NRAM product after that. Mie Fujitsu Semiconductor, which is a pure-play foundry, plans to offer NRAM-based technology to its foundry customers.
Comment from Masato Matsumiya, System Memory VP, Fujitsu Semiconductor

Non-volatile memory using Nantero's carbon-nanotube technology is a marked advance beyond conventional technology. Fujitsu Semiconductor has been designing and producing FRAM, a type of non-volatile RAM, since the late 90s, and is one of the few companies to have integrated FRAM design and production capabilities. We will be able to build on our experience and skill in this field to develop and produce NRAM as well. The combination of Nantero's technology with our design and production capabilities promises to meet the longstanding needs of our customers for non-volatile memory that is higher density, faster, more energy efficiency, and with a higher rewrite cycle. I am confident that Nantero and Fujitsu Semiconductor will become partners with the highest mutual regard, and I look forward to working with Nantero to develop memory with revolutionary performance. As always, Fujitsu Semiconductor is committed to offering a more complete range of memory solutions, and to meeting the needs of its customers.
Comment from Masahiro Chijiiwa, Director and Corporate SVP, Mie Fujitsu Semiconductor

Nantero's NRAM technology is based on carbon nanotubes and allows for non-volatile memory with high density and random access, promising to expand Mie Fujitsu Semiconductor's line of embedded non-volatile memory products, which are a major focus of our business. In working with Nantero to develop their technology into products and license that technology, together with Fujitsu Semiconductor, I am certain we will be able to offer our customers new kinds of non-volatile random-access memory solutions.
Comment from Greg Schmergel, Co-Founder, Chairman & CEO, Nantero, Inc.

Fujitsu Semiconductor and Mie Fujitsu Semiconductor are ideal commercialization partners for Nantero as their experience with FRAM makes them among the world's most successful companies in mass production of new memory devices. Nantero is honored to be working with them on breakthrough memory products, and after years of intensive evaluation of our NRAM technology, our three companies have built a very strong relationship. Through over a decade of intensive R&D, Nantero has been able to bring CNT-based memory technology to a state of maturity and manufacturing readiness where world-class companies such as Fujitsu Semiconductor and Mie Fujitsu Semiconductor are working with us on productization for multiple markets. NRAM technology, with its combination of nonvolatility, high speed and high density, is uniquely positioned to allow for the continued evolution of memory beyond the projected limits and capabilities of classical technologies.

2016年9月2日 星期五

味噌是養生營養寶庫,是最佳調味料,可以做味噌牛肉、味噌馬鈴薯燉、肉味噌烤鮭魚,既抗老化又降低罹癌風險 ( Japanese miso both aging and reduce the risk of developing cancer )

有味噌就沒醫生!4個味增食養效用

說到全世界哪個國家的人最長壽,很多人都會回答日本。專家分析日本人長壽的秘密,發現主要的原因在飲食。老一輩的日本人,每天早上一定從白飯、味噌漬物和一碗味噌湯開始新的一天,味噌在日本的飲食史中歷久不衰,是日本獨有的特殊調味料,因此吸引許多專家針對味噌的保健價值進行研究。

日本有俗諺道:「味噌是醫生殺手」、「有味噌就沒醫生」,可以見得味噌在平民百姓的心中,是能促進健康的營養食品。由於味噌的營養豐富、原料單純易取得,各地領主也大大推廣人民食用味噌。

江戶時代的《本朝食鑑》中寫道:「味噌為我國全民上下朝夕必用,不可一日沒有」,更記載了「味噌中大豆之甘、溫能夠穩定氣息、舒緩腸胃、促進血流、消除百藥之毒。而麴之甘、溫能夠深入胃部、疏通阻滯、促進消化、預防閉塞。味噌也能帶來元氣,並促進血液循環」。當時雖然沒有科學的驗證,但古人依照

長時間傳承下來的經驗,已經對許多味噌的好處了然於心。

而根據現代醫學對味噌的研究,味噌含有優良蛋白質、多種胺基酸、鐵、磷、鈣、鉀、維生素E、維生素B群、大豆異黃酮、卵磷脂等營養素,證實了味噌確實是豐富的營養寶庫。

【味噌驚人的4食養效用】

效用1/營養素更容易被身體吸收

大豆中富含優良的蛋白質,但使用一般的調理方法,這些蛋白質都很難被腸胃吸收。然而,在製作味噌的過程中,蛋白質在酵素的作用下水解為.與胺基酸,這些營養素的分子比較小,比較容易通過腸胃壁,更能被身體所吸收利用。因此比起直接食用大豆,味噌更能讓身體吸收大豆裡的優良蛋白質。除了蛋白質外,

效用2/降低罹癌風險-食用愈多,罹癌率愈低

日本人是全世界吃生食最多的國家,但是腸胃病在日本卻很少發生。根據日本國立癌症研究所的研究,味噌中的脂溶性物質能夠抑制癌症變異因子,降低體內積存的放射性物質。在味噌湯食用量與胃癌死亡率的實驗中,已得知食用味噌湯的頻率愈高,胃癌的死亡率就愈低。

由於大豆異黃酮中含有天然的植物性雌激素,能夠防治乳癌、子宮內膜癌,近年來對於味噌與乳癌的相關研究也十分蓬勃。廣島大學的伊藤教授在1999年,於日本癌症協會發表研究,指出攝取味噌能夠降低50%乳癌發生的機率。日本厚生勞動省在 2003年也發表調查結果,顯示一天飲用三碗味噌湯的人,十年內的乳癌發生率能夠顯著減少40%,即使每天只喝兩碗,也能降低26%的乳癌發生率。

效用3/促進生理機能、抗老化

現行研究已經證實,大豆中含有維生素E、膽鹼、前列腺素 E、木質素異黃酮,能夠調節生理機能、促進循環、防止高血壓、抗老化。而味噌在熟成的過程中,也會產生具高抗氧化力的物質,因此能夠有效地延緩老化。

效用4/預防代謝症候群

大豆中含有不飽和脂肪酸,加上植物固醇和維生素E共同作用,可以降低血中總膽固醇和壞膽固醇(低密度膽固醇)、提高好膽固醇(高密度膽固醇),保持血管彈性,減少高血脂、高血壓和動脈硬化、腦中風、心肌梗塞等心血管疾病的風險。大豆中的植物纖維也有降低膽固醇的效果。

另外,味噌與味噌湯中的常見食材,如豆腐、海藻、蔬菜、鰹魚高湯、小魚乾等,都含有豐富的鈣質,能夠預防骨質疏鬆症。

唯一要注意的是,因釀造過程的關係,味噌的鈉含量比較高,雖然調味時通常只會取少量,但對於高血壓患者及腎功能不良的人,還是要注意一下食用的份量。
(refer to Carol life )

味噌調味的菜 ( all reference link, please connect to their blog )
我是做味噌瓜子肉,不用醬油只用味噌及瓜子,瓜子量可以少一點味噌多一點,這樣比用醬油營養高許多少鈉,味甘好吃。

2016年8月31日 星期三

智慧型手機平台戰爭已經結束 - 主要贏家 Android, 次要贏家 iOS 主手機市場, Windows 主PC市場 ( The Smartphone Platform War Is Over )

The Smartphone Platform War Is Over ( Refer To http://www.statista.com/ )

While the global smartphone market is as competitive as ever in terms of manufacturers fighting for the consumers’ love (and money), the long-raging platform war appears to be over. According to a recent report by Gartner, Android and iOS now account for 99 percent of global smartphone sales, rendering every other platform irrelevant. ( 雖然全球智能手機市場仍是廠商間對於消費者的激烈競爭,長期平台之戰爭似乎已經結束。根據Gartner,Android和iOS的最新報告,現在佔全球智能手機銷量的99%,使其他平台變成與市場無關。)

As the chart below illustrates that hasn’t always been the case. Back in 2010, Android and iOS devices accounted for less than 40 percent of global smartphone sales. Back then, devices running Nokia’s Symbian and BlackBerry accounted for a significant portion of smartphone sales and Microsoft’s market share stood at 4.2 percent. ( 如下圖說明了智能手機並非一直如此。早在2010年,Android和iOS設備佔據了全球智能手機銷量不到40%。當時,運行諾基亞的Symbian和BlackBerry設備佔據了智能手機銷量的顯著部分和微軟的市場份額為4.2%。)

While Symbian is long extinct and BlackBerry has started transitioning to Android devices, Microsoft has not yet given up on Windows 10 Mobile as a platform aimed at professional users. Whether Windows, or any other platform for that matter, stands a chance against the dominance of Android and iOS at this point seems highly doubtful though. ( 雖然 Symbian 是完全滅絕和黑莓已經開始移到Android設備上,微軟還沒有放棄在Windows10 Mobile而針對專業用戶。無論是Windows或其他任何平台對於這個問題,站在對Android和iOS在這一點上佔主導地位的機會似乎很值得懷疑。)



PC Shipments Beat Expectations in Q2 2016 as U.S. Market Returned to Growth While Other Regions Continued to Decline, According to IDC

FRAMINGHAM, Mass., July 11, 2016 – Worldwide PC shipments totaled 62.4 million units in the second quarter of 2016 (2Q16), a year-on-year decline of 4.5%, beating the forecast of -7.4% by roughly 3%, according to the International Data Corporation (IDC) Worldwide Quarterly PC Tracker. The United States market performed best, reflecting the strength of the U.S. dollar and relative
market stability.

Improvement in channel inventories appears to have contributed to the stronger results, along with an easier year-on-year comparison and easing of component supply. Unfortunately, these types of supply-side drivers don't necessarily reflect a change in consumer purchases. Even PC channels remain fairly cautious following challenges over the past year, so the results are not likely to raise the forecast.

Nevertheless, improved inventory levels put the market on a better footing for the second half of the year, and the expiration of free Windows 10 upgrades may transition some users into buying new systems rather than updating older ones. Commercial evaluations of Windows 10 remain healthy and a near-term driver that could also be contributing to the relative strength in U.S. shipments.

"The PC market continues to struggle as we wait for replacements to accelerate, along with some return of spending from phones, tablets, and other IT," said Loren Loverde, vice president, Worldwide PC Trackers & Forecasting. "Our long-term outlook remains cautions. However, the strong results in the U.S. offer a glimpse of what the market could look like with pockets of growth and a stronger overall environment. It's not dramatic growth, but it could push the market into positive territory slightly ahead of our forecast for 2018."

"As expected, the start of the peak education buying season helped generate large Chromebook shipment volumes in the U.S.," stated Linn Huang, research director, Devices & Displays. "A somewhat unexpected boost came from intensified inventory pull-in as cautious channel players, who had been working to pare down inventory over the last several quarters, opened up inventory constraints a bit. This was likely a one-time shipment boost to bring aggregate inventory levels back to market equilibrium. The larger story remains whether an early wave of enterprise transition to Windows 10 could help close out a 2016 that is increasingly looking stronger in the U.S."

In Europe, market sentiment remained muted. "Even the best case scenario calls for PCs to face significant challenges, with a somewhat fragile stabilization in the long run. The preliminary results did not capture the potential repercussions from the Brexit vote, which is expected to affect the timing and scope of spending plans in Europe," said Jay Chou, research manager, IDC Worldwide PC Tracker, "IDC continues to monitor the evolving situation closely. The better than expected 2Q16 results should not be interpreted as a harbinger of significant improvements for PCs."


分析及趨勢統計
  • 智慧型手機平台主要贏家 Android,次要贏家 iOS 主控手機市場,將持續影響使用者之使用習慣,這趨勢使得 PC 市場持續衰退,PC時代完全結束了嗎
  • Windows 把持 PC 市場使用者習慣也將持續減少,所以 Microsoft 策略應該有誤,Microsoft 策略應該是將PC 市場轉成PC 結合平板市場,才能維持Windows 使用者習慣之人數,否則,將有危機,因為使用者習慣改變了。Microsoft 平板都太厚太重,以致很難讓使用者習慣用Microsoft 平板。
  • 在超低價智慧型手機時代,台灣廠商應該軟體、差異化及行銷創新成重點,如何再創新是台灣廠商之問題?
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